MICROPLASTIC DISTRIBUTION IN SEDIMENTS IN COASTAL OF PARIAMAN CITY, WEST SUMATERA PROVINCE
Pariaman City is a tourist destination in West Sumatra which in turn may be vulnerable to plastic waste pollution. This study was conducted in February 2020 in the coastal area of Pariaman City with the aim to determine the type and abundance of microplastic and to determine if there are any differences in the number of microplastics between stations and between depths of the sediment. The Survey method was applied and collected data from the field as well as from laboratory analysis were then analyzed and discussed. The results of the study showed that the type of microplastics found from the studied area were fragments, films, and fibres. The most common type found was fibre (59.01 %). The average abundance of microplastics at each station ranged from 178.89 – 235.56 particles/kg of dry sediment. The lowest abundance was at station 1 and the highest was at station 3. The average abundance of microplastic at 0-10 cm depth of dry sediment layer was 199.26 particles/kg and 220.00 particles/kg of dry sediment at 10-20 cm depth. ANOVA and t-test analysis showed that the quantity of microplastic between stations and between two different depths was not significantly different (p >0,05).
Hetherington J., J. Leous, J. Anziano, D. Brockett, A. Cherson, E. Dean, J. Dillon, T. Johnson, M. Littman, N. Lukehart, J. Ombac, K. Reilly. (2005). The Marine Debris Research, Prevention and Reduction Act: A Policy Analysis. Columbia University New York, New York
Fauzi, M., D. Efizon, E. Sumiarsih, Windarti, Rusliadi, I. Putra, B. Amin. (2019). Pengenalan dan Pemahaman Bahaya Pencemaran Limbah Plastik pada Perairan di Kampung Sungai Kayu Ara Kabupaten Siak. Unri Conference Series: Community Engagement. 1 : 341-346.
Zhang, W., S. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Wang, J. Mu, P. Wang, X. Lin, D. Ma. (2017). Microplastic pollution in the surface waters of the Bohai Sea, China. Environment Pollution, 231 : 541-548.
Mazidah, N., F. Nugroho, L. Bathara. (2016). The Multiplier Effect of the Gandoriah Beach Marine Tourism to the Coastal Community of Kelurahan Pasir, Central Pariaman District, Pariaman City West Sumatra Province. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Universitas Riau, 3(2) : 1-12.
Barasarathi, J., P. Agamuthu, C.U. Emenike, S.H. Fauziah. (2014). Microplastic Abundance in Selected Mangrove Forest in Malaysia. Proceeding of The ASEAN Conference on Science and Technology, Institute of Biological Sciences Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. 4p.
Hidalgo-Ruz, V., L. Gutow, R. C. Thompson, M. Thiel. (2012). Microplastics in the marine environment: a review of the methods used for identification and quantification. Environmental Science and Technology, 46 : 3060- 3075
Claessens, M., L. V. Cauwenberghe, M.B. Vandegehucthe, C.R. Janssen. (2013). New Techniques for the Detection of Microplastics in Sediments and Field Collected Organisms. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 70 : 227-233
Islami, D. (2020). Distribusi Mikroplastik pada Sedimen di Teluk Bungus Kota Padang Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Skripsi. Universitas Riau. Pekanbaru
Amin, B., M.Galib, F. Setiawan. (2020). Preliminary Investigation on the Type and Distribution of Microplastics in the West Coast of Karimun Besar Island. Earth and Environmental Science, 430 : 1-9
Mauludy, M.S., A. Yunanto, D. Yona. (2019). Kelimpahan Mikroplastik pada Sedimen Pantai Wisata Kabupaten Badung, Bali. Jurnal Perikanan, 21(2): 73-78.
Manalu, A.A. (2017). Kelimpahan Mikroplastik di Teluk Jakarta. Skripsi. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.
Joesidawati, M.I. (2018). Pencemaran Mikroplastik di Sepanjang Pantai Kabupaten Tuban. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Hasil Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat III, Tuban : 29 September 2018: 8-15.
Ismi, H., A.R. Amalia, N. Sari, N.Gesriantuti, Y. Badrun. (2019). Dampak Mikroplastik Terhadap Makrozoobentos ; Suatu Ancaman Bagi Biota di Sungai Siak, Pekanbaru. Prosiding SainsTeKes, 1 : 92-104
Hastuti, A. R., F. Yulianda, Y. Wardiatno. (2014). Distribusi Spasial Sampah Laut di Ekosistem Mangrove Pantai Indah Kapuk, Jakarta. Bonoromo Wetlands, 4(2) : 94-107.
Dewi, I.S., A.A. Budiarsa, I.R. Ritonga. (2015). Distribusi mikroplastik pada sedimen di Muara Badak, Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara. Jurnal Depik, 4(3) : 121-131.
Copyright (c) 2021 Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors submitting manuscripts should understand and agree that the copyright of manuscripts of the article shall be assigned/transferred to the "Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences". This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International License, where Authors and Readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.